Good blood sugars control is important for everyone with diabetes to prevent the development of serious complications such as heart diseases and strokes. 

Research shows that these benefits come at the price of an increased risk of "hypos" (very low blood sugars). Too many hypos themselves lead to the same complications. So if taking insulin, strike a balance between good management of blood sugars and avoiding hypos. 

What average blood sugar level do you want to aim for? 

NHS recommends a target (HbA1c ) of 6.5% to 7.5% (59 mmol/mol). This was achieved by 66% of people in the UK with Type 2 diabetes in 2010 [20].  

Here are six ways to manage your blood sugars better:

  1. If your blood sugars are too high overall, generally over the 7.5% target, please go to see your diabetes doctor right away to advise you on changes. Aim for a gradual reduction over several weeks. This will reduce the risks of hypos.  
  2. Every so often, check how much your blood sugars are changing within your usual day. Measure your blood sugar before a meal and again two hours after the meal; and at the end of the afternoon is useful.
  3. If you do get hypos, important to explain to your home carer and family how to recognise the signs and symptoms, and what happens to you as a result.
  4. If you get a lot of hypos, important to tell your doctor or diabetes nurse as soon as possible so they can advise you how to adjust your insulin doses.
  5. If you are getting a lot of hypos, why not go on a learning program so you can adjust your insulin dose to match the particular meal you are eating.
  6. Your doctor may advise that you use a smart blood glucose meter or an advanced insulin pump.

page updated: 14 April 2012  Copyright © 2016 Social enterprise™  Ltd.